João Cascalheira

Assistant Researcher

ICArEHB - Universidade do Algarve


I am an archaeologist interested in prehistoric hunter-gatherer adaptations, specifically in how these are related to processes of climate and environmental change. I focus on the study of lithic technological organization and its correlation with various aspects of ecological dynamics and human behavior. I currently direct fieldwork in several sites within the context of my ERC Consolidator Grant - FINISTERRA: Population trajectories and cultural dynamics of the late Neanderthals in Far Western Eurasia. I am also a collaborator in different projects on the Middle and Later Stone Age in Mozambique and Sudan.


  • Prehistoric Hunter-gatherer adaptations
  • Stone tool technology
  • Computer applications in archaeological practice


  • PhD in Archaeology, 2013

    Universidade do Algarve

  • MA in Archaeology, 2009

    Universidade do Algarve

  • Licenciatura in Cutural Heritage, 2007

    Universidade do Algarve

Latest Publications

For a complete list check my CV


The origins and evolution of human cognition and the impact of southwestern european coastal ecology

The main objective of this project is to investigate the emergence and development of complex human cognition during the transition …

The last hunter-gatherers and the first farming communities of Muge (Central Portugal)

This project will develop and expand our knowledge of the transition of Mesolithic hunter-gatherers to Neolithic farmers in central …

The Middle Paleolithic occupation of Gruta do Escoural (Southern Portugal)

Gruta do Escoural is one of the few cave sites in southern Portugal where Middle Paleolithic occupations have been identified. This …